.local Networking with ATS in iOS 10
Discovered today that in iOS 10,
NSAppTransportSecurity adds a new exception key for
.local domain accesses:
.local are Bonjour networking names given to local network services. OctoPi is configured to advertise its interface using Bonjour. For example, a fresh install of OctoPi will appear on home network at http(s)://octopi.local when it boots up. It uses Bonjour networking to make this work.
For App Transport Security (ATS)– required to be enabled on iOS 10 apps and App Store listings starting in 2017– network access has to be over Transport Laver Security (TLS) to public Internet addresses. “Proper” TLS requires webserver key to be signed by a recognized certificate authority.
Unfortunately, OctoPrint (and many other home networking devices) “self-sign” their certificates. Self signing can cause ATS to fail unless arbitrary network load accesses are excepted, which kinda defeats the purpose of ATS. The new allowance is for .local networking only, and doesn’t require app to allow arbitrary accesses.
I added the new (new for iOS 10)
NSAllowsLocalNetworking key to
NSAppTransportSecurity section in
Info.plist for my iOS app, and the networking accesses (via https:// BTW) still work, without generating an error! This new key is documented in the pre-release docs, and I first found mention of it in Apple’s Dev Forums.
- Dev Forum Post: App Transport Security and local networking
It wasn’t yet appearing in the helpful dropdowns in the Plist editor in Xcode 8.0 ß6, so I manually added it into the xml.
<key>NSAppTransportSecurity</key> <dict> <key>NSAllowsLocalNetworking</key> <true/> </dict>
More macOS Bonjour command line discovery
I’ve included a transcript of commands you can run on macOS to explore some of the information in Bonjour netowrking. My example shows the name for an OctoPi instance and how to get its name and IPv4 address.
$ dns-sd -B _http._tcp. local. Browsing for _http._tcp..local. DATE: ---Mon 29 Aug 2016--- 12:01:34.907 ...STARTING... Timestamp A/R Flags if Domain Service Type Instance Name 12:01:35.248 Add 3 7 local. _http._tcp. OctoPrint instance on octopi ^C $ dns-sd -L "OctoPrint instance on octopi" _http._tcp. local. Lookup OctoPrint instance on octopi._http._tcp..local. DATE: ---Mon 29 Aug 2016--- 12:35:13.880 ...STARTING... 12:35:14.187 OctoPrint\032instance\032on\032octopi._http._tcp.local. can be reached at octopi.local.:80 (interface 7) path=/ $ dns-sd -q octopi.local. A DATE: ---Mon 29 Aug 2016--- 12:35:46.171 ...STARTING... Timestamp A/R Flags if Name Type Class Rdata 12:35:46.172 Add 2 7 octopi.local. Addr IN 10.0.1.46