MEAN and Jekyll Docker on Mac OS X
A problem I ran into after installing OS X El Capitan GM on my Mac mini colocated in Las Vegas: it became unreachable after the install. I filed a ticket and got prompt help from the support staff at MacMiniColo! It appears that the installer decided to throw away all my network settings, and switch to a default of assigning IP through DHCP– which doesn’t really work when you are bare on the Internet.
Anyway, it gave me a chance to inspect some of the Docker containers and their resource usage under OS X. One issue I noticed was that the CPU utilization was pretty high, and the temperature in the rack of the components on my Mac mini were way higher than I would have liked…
Polling for live updates
Polling the filesystem is resource intensive. It can consume extra CPU when other types of notification techniques for informing on when something changed consume less.
My Mac mini in the cloud was breathing fire and running ~90C, which is not a good thing.
Fixing the MEAN polling
The problem with this is that it was still running a polling filesystem watcher that looks at all the files inspecting for changes. This is very useful in development when you are using live-reload to inspect the results of your changes. However, in production, you are not needing to live-reload your local edits; you push the changes to a repository, and pull them to deploy.
It was a simple enough edit to change the
gruntfile.js to take the
task off the
concurrent in a new production setting. I made the changes
and pushed them to the git repository. And at the server, I pulled and
restarted the docker container that runs the node.js server. No change. It
was still watching.
Huh? Oh- it is because the
gruntfile.js was not visible in the
container. When I built the container, the files were added at the root, but
now, they are not mounted in the running docker image. The container has an
older copy of the
Fortunately, Docker allows a simple way to add a file as a volume into the container.
-v $PWD/gruntfile.js:/home/mean/gruntfile.js \
Relaunching the container with this added to its invocation, and the watcher no longer ran. Here is a pointer to the original gruntfile.
More polling problems: jekyll auto-regenerate
jekyll can be used to watch when source files change, and automatically
regenerate the static output HTML that gets served. This is great, if you have
your website posts in Markdown files, and when you push another post to the git
repository that you store your blog in, it automatically updates the website
HTML that gets served. GitHub Pages works this way, using jekyll behind the
scenes. Originally I couldn’t get this to work with my container. After some
some googling, I discovered why.
Unfortunately, Docker on OS X has to go through an extra layer of running a VM
and using vboxsf from VirtualBox do its magic to communicate with its host. It
inotify or other such event-based notifications. To get
it to works, it was shown that adding
--force_polling to jekyll’s serve
command could get this to work. But having this there ends up using a bunch of
docker run --rm --label=jekyll --label=pages \ --volume=$(pwd):/srv/jekyll \ -t -p 4000:4000 jekyll/pages jekyll serve --force_polling
docker run -i --rm --label=jekyll --label=pages \ --volume=$(pwd):/srv/jekyll \ -t -p 4000:4000 jekyll/jekyll:pages jekyll serve
How did I do that? I just found today a nifty little project geared to helping
with exactly this problem called
docker-osx-dev. It set’s up an
rsync tunnel that runs in the boot2docker image that is being used as the
Docker host on OS X.
Now, after looking in the VboxHeadless process that my docker containers were running under, it was running with around 70% less CPU activity than before.
Another hot problem solved.